Bea Johnson`sFive Rs



"Refuse what you do not need "

Being able to determine when something has no use or business being let into your home and thus simply refusing it from the start. 

Considered the first guideline to a Zero waste lifestyle. This means we avoid having to do the extra work of recycling or producing waste. 

example: refusing promotional flyers being handed out. 



"Use Reusables"

Up-cycling. Choosing materials packaging  or objects that can be  used over and over again or repurposed after their first use. 

In Zero waste this often means choosing packaging that can be refilled, in order to avoid waste. 

example: Bringing your own fabric bags to purchase loose produce. 



"Recycle that which you cannot refuse, reduce or reuse" 

This is when packaging or an object is returned to industry to be turned into raw materials and to be reshaped and reused. 

This comes as a last rest to avoiding waste that lands in the landfill. 

example: Purchasing milk in tera-pack and returning it to a centre or store that can send it in for recycling. 




"Rot (Compost) what remains" 

Biodegradable = Naturally occurring Materials that can breakdown to become a part of the natural elements again. 

Collecting or accumulating organic matter to naturally decay to be used as a fertiliser in soil for the growing of other plants. 

example: raw veggie offcuts from preparing food, leaves from racking, newspaper, used tea, used coffee grind collected in a bin for worms to break it down or to be sent to a farm to rot and be used for agriculture. 



"Reduce what you want or had to what you need"


"reusables result in waste reduction "

The first cardinal guideline to Minimalism and a ZW lifestyle. Reducing consumption. Deciding for products that can be reused over single use items, also results in reduction. 

Declutter, Downsize, keeping all future purchases to the criteria of needs, multipurpose, made of sustainable materials and or long lasting. 

example: purchasing a stainless steel straw to be reused over and over again over going for single use plastic straws means reducing your waste. 


(Bio store)

A Company / Cooperation that specialises in the sourcing & distribution of organic food products, fair trade products, eco-products and cosmetics to a network of Bio Stores. Biocoop is especially known by its name in France. 

Here is the French Cooperative:




Specifications for which a raw material or produce is Planted, grown, harvested and handled till reaching end customers. This can vary depending on requirements in the Country, Region & or Continent.


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In Switzerland a common standard is bio suisse:

Below you will find more information regarding Bio standards in the EU:

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Bulk refers to attaining something in a larger quantity. A Bulk Store is the place in which this quantity can be purchased. Usually package free, and permitting the customer to take what ever amount needed in provided or bring along packaging


Similar to "Jar it". Refers to the process of storing food in an air tight sealed Jar. This process is intended for longer storage. Canning is usually in reference to food such as Jam or Tomato sauce.



An regenerative  economic system in which resources used and products designed to be sustainable, reused, up cycled, and or recycled. This the prime intention of not creating physical, energy and financial waste. 

My favorite explanation can be found below:

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Filtering through belongings and getting rid of that which is not needed, used or wanted. Sorting untidiness and overcrowding. Involved organising or putting items in order for better overview and easier accessibility. 


Deprived from the acient Greek Goddess of agriculture, fertility, sacred law and harvest. It is an organic cultivation association. Originally founded in Germany, it gives its label of approval to products that are bio-dynamically grown (the highest level of farming and processing).

Below is the link to the demeter association, information can only be read in German, French and Italian though.


"Do it yourself". 

Taking matters into your own hands and getting the job done in order to know your ingredients and raw material sources. 


Ecology is a branch of biology which studies and brings about understanding of how organisms related to one another and their environment. The more commonly used and referred to term "Eco" refers to something that promotes the natural balance between the environment and natural organisms that live in it. These things in effect try to minimize 

damages to both elements.


Traditional Japanese wrapping cloth  used to wrap gifts, and or transport and store items. Consists of one single piece cloth. The technique 

employed, "tsutsumu", is a wrapping 

tradition one that is still widely used in Japan. This technique is very deeply 

connected to Japanese behaviour and culture of ettique and politeness. 

A great overview of techniques can be found below:

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"Fairtrade is a simple way to make a difference to the lives of the people who grow the things we love. We do this by changing the way trade works through better prices, decent working conditions and a fair deal for farmers and workers in developing countries."

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When a product is made to come across as Ecological, Natural, Green etc. but in truth is not very much so. 

A common marketing tactic used in order to evolve with the growing demand and awareness around Ecology. All in an attempt to avoid drastic change, making profit without much financial impact.

jar it

To bottle or jar up something. Usually used to suggest or encourage such action. Leftovers, takeaway, gifts, food, liquids, objects can all be Jarred or bottled.


An organisation and decluttering method developed by Marie Kondo. Based on Japanese values, where the deciding & guiding principle for keeping or letting go of belongings is "Sparking Joy".​​

For more information check out the Marie Kondo`s official website.

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"Perfection is not human, attempting it is."

An attempt to avoiding the unsustainable, but having to compromise due to availability & need. Choosing the lesser of two evils. Products are usually recyclable or have a lower enviormental impact than that which is commonly used.

Example. Recycled toilet paper vs. normal toilet paper.


When raw materials, and production is done is a place local to it is consumers. Also refers to when produce is naturally originates from a Geographical location.  


A lifestyle, art/ design form, Fashion & mentality to which actions, ownership & perspective is guided by a minimalistic approach.  Characterized by the avoidance of accumulation & excess. A Focus on functionality, basic need & simple clean Design/Style.

Lifestyle movement revamped by The Minimalists.

For more information about them check out the below link:

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A product, lifestyle, household or a purchasing expedition where plastic has no place.

pass me




Previously used or owned property that is just let go by  the hands of its owner  and bought or given to those of a new owner. 

Second hand store refers to a store where such articles can be found.

"What you hold on to, is taken from others." Anything owned and passed on to another person to be used. 



Originally coined by the Black Lives Matter movement. This comes from the phrase "to stay awake". Related to keeping oneself informed and aware of uncommonly known or hidden topics. 

Topics are usually not very conventional or widely understood.


A parenting and educational method developed by Maria Montessori. Based on the belief that early childhood education is a fundamental part of forming a human being for life. The Method employes and focuses on sensorial experiences to understanding the real world.   Children from birth throughout childhood and even adolescence are thought to grasp and understand the world in RL (Real Life) before applying abstract concepts (intangible to direct sensorial experiences like fiction or theories). The Method also includes observations about child psychology such as sensitive periods in early childhood.


Anything that supports, or sustains and does not add on a lasting damage or bad impact on the earth. 

Is usually Renewable, 


friendly, Toxin free, long lasting, & can be up cycled. 



Capable of speaking or understanding several languages. This is not the same as bilingual which refers to a person who is capable of two languages. The individual might not be fluent in all the languages or even speak or understand them on the same levels. A person could become multilingual asa cause of being raised as such or picking up several others later in life due to choice (interest) or circumstantial (need). 

Multi cultural

A person originating from several places in the world and thus having been exposed and carrying more than one cultural practice, understanding and or perspective.

This can also refer to an environment, setting and or place has a gathering of people or objects that are from several diverse or similar cultures. 

Just as with multilingualism, this can be as a result of birthright or acquirement. 

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